After the successful launch of Chandrayaan-3 on the GSLV Mark 3 (LVM 3) heavy-lift launch vehicle on Friday, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Director S Somanath said the landing is a important step for further exploration.
“Chandrayaan-3 is a very important step… Landing this time is very important. Unless you land, you can’t take samples, you can’t land humans, and you can’t create moon bases. So, landing is an important step for future exploration,” said ISRO chief S Somanath.
Chandrayaan-3 is ISRO’s follow-up attempt after the Chandrayaan-2 mission faced challenges during its soft landing on the lunar surface in 2019 and was ultimately deemed to have failed its primary mission objectives.
Earlier today, Chandrayaan-3 was successfully launched on the GSLV Mark 3 Heavy Lift Launch Vehicle (LVM 3) from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota of Andhra Pradesh as per the scheduled launch time.
The journey from Earth to the Moon for the spacecraft is estimated to take about a month and it is expected to land on August 23. Upon landing, it will operate for one lunar day, which is roughly 14 Earth days. One day on the Moon is equal to 14 days on Earth.
Chandrayaan-3, India’s third lunar exploration mission, will make India the fourth country after the US, China and Russia to land its spacecraft on the moon’s surface and demonstrate the country’s abilities for a safe and smooth landing on the lunar surface.
Chandrayaan-3 will be inserted into the lunar transfer trajectory after orbit raising maneuvers. Covering a distance of more than 300,000 km, it will reach the Moon in the next few weeks. The scientific instruments on board will study the surface of the Moon and improve our knowledge.
Chandrayaan-3 is equipped with a lander, rover, and propulsion module. It weighs around 3,900 kilograms.
Moon serves as a repository of Earth’s past and a successful Indian moon mission will help improve life on Earth while allowing it to explore the rest of the solar system and beyond.